Citizenship Amendment Act 2019
The Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 was passed by the Parliament of India on 11 December 2019. The BJP government introduced the bill to amend the citizenship of India.
While introducing the Bill in Rajya Sabha, Union Minister of Home Affairs, Shri Amit Shah said that the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2019, will give a new ray of hope to persons belonging to Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi and Christian communities who have migrated to India after facing persecution on the ground of religion in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh.
IMPORTANT FACTS TO KNOW ABOUT CAA
- It is written under Part-II of the Constitution of india.
- It Comes under (Article 5-11) .
- Article 5 speaks about citizenship of india at the commencement of the constitution (Nov -26 , 1949).
5 criteria to be a citizenship of India
- Citizenship by birth.
- Citizenship by Descent.
- Citizenship by Registration.
- Citizenship by Naturalization.
- Citizenship by incorporation of territory.
The Act seeks to grant citizenship to minorities (Hindu ,Buddhist, Christian, Parsi , Jain and Sikh ) from Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan who came to India on or before 31st December2014. Muslim minority is excluded.
The Citizenship Amendment Bill, 1955 made it mandatory for a person to stay in India for at least 11 years but some changes were made and it becomes to 6 years in 2015 and now in 2019 it becomes 5 years.
Citizenship Amendment Act not applicable in :-
- Tribal areas of the states that are included in the 6th schedule of the constitution (Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura ).
- States that are protected by the Inner Line Permit (ILP) — Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram , Nagaland , Manipur.
- Illegal migrants of Muslim community from Bangladesh ,Pakistan and Afghanistan .
Protest against Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA)
Basically this bill is opposed because it does not give citizenship to illegal migrants of Muslim community from Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Another reason behind this is that it violates the provisions of article 15 of the Indian Constitution.
The anger over the Citizenship Amendment Act led to street protests, first in Assam that later spread to Delhi and other parts of the country. Specially the Students of big universities are protesting.
The Minister of Home Affairs Shri Amit Shah said that the Bill is aimed at giving a dignified life to the people who had suffered religious persecution for decades by granting Indian Citizenship to them, if they fulfill conditions for grant of citizenship.
The Home Minister said that grant of citizenship will be from the date and year of the entry into India and all the cases and legal proceedings against them would be closed, besides protecting their business and trade interests on an equal footing.
Shri Amit Shah said even if the passports and visas of these minorities had expired, they would not be treated as illegal
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